Submit Online Paper


Document Type: Original Article

Authors: Paula Bajdor

Published Paper Pdf:


In every country, the energy sector plays a very important role - from its efficient operation electricity and heat supplies depend on. Moreover, its level of efficiency can measurably affect the condition of the natural and the social environment. Therefore, the purpose of this article was to examine to what extent the Polish energy sector fulfills the framework of sustainable development conception. In order to achieve the adopted objective, comparative analyzes have been carried out among all European Union countries. It allowed to identify areas in which the Polish energy sector fully implements the principles and objectives of this concept, as well as areas where still there is a lot need to be dome. The analyzes concerned several key issues: the level of energy generated from renewable energy sources (RES), the structure of sources of raw materials for energy production, the values of regulatory indicators for sustainable energy, level of greenhouse gas and pollutants emissions by energy sector, environmental taxes paid by energy sector, environmental protection expenditure of energy sector, environmental investments and wastewater management and, last but not least, innovations expenditures of energy sector. Examining these issues makes it possible to determine the so-called “level of sustainability" or the sustainability in energy sector degree’s determination for Poland.

  1. Agenda 21, United Nations Conference on Environment &Development, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 1992, Agenda21.pdf, access date 20-02-2017.
  2. Brzeziński S. (2016), Zarządzanie przedsiębiorstwami społecznie odpowiedzialnymi a globalne procesy integracyjne, Polskie Wydawnictwo Ekonomiczne, Warszawa.
  3. Commission on Sustainable Development, Report on the 9th session, Economic and Social Council, E/CN.17/2001/19%20(SUPP)&Lang=E, access date 20-02-2017.
  4. Delivering Sustainable Energy In a Changing Climate, 2016, Strategy Note on Sustainable Energy, United Nations Development Programme, pp. 4-52.
  5. Energy Perspectives 2015, 2015, Long Macroeconomic Perspective, Statoil, pp. 2-3.
  6. Fidlerova H., Jurik L., Sakal P. (2016), Application of AHP in the Process of Sustainable Packaging in Company, Production Management and Engineering Sciences :. London, UK : CRC Press. Taylor & Francis Group, pp. 585-591.
  7. Future We Want, (2012), United Nations Conference in Rio de Janeiro.
  8. Gospodarka paliwowo-energetyczna w latach 2014 i 2015, (2016), Główny Urząd Statystyczny, Warszawa.
  9., Access data 20-02-2017.
  10., Access data 2-03-2017.
  11., access data 2-03-2017.
  12. International Energy Agency, 2015, Energy and Climate Change, World Energy Outlook Special Report.
  13. Jevons W.S. (1866) The Coal Question: an inquiry concerning the progress of the nation, and the probable exhaustion of our coal-mines. Second revised edition. London: Macmillan. Available: YPDBooks/Jevons/jvnCQ1.html, access date 4-11-2016;
  14. Van Zoon H. (2002), Geschiedenis & duurzame ontwikkeling. Duurzame ontwikkeling in historisch perspectief: enkeleverkenningen. Nijmegen/Groningen: Werkgroep Disciplinaire Verdieping Duurzame Ontwikkeling, Germany.
  15. Kammila S, Kappen JF, Rysankova D, Hyseni B, Putti VR. (2014), Clean and improved cooking in Sub-Saharan Africa: a landscape report. Washington DC.
  16. Ki-moon B., UN Secretary-General, (2016), Delivering Sustainable Energy In a Changing Climate, Strategy Note on Sustainable Energy, United Nations Development Programme, pp. 4-52.
  17. Legal Act on Energy Efficiency from 20 may 2016.
  18. Lis T., Bajdor P. (2013), Towards Sustainability in Waste Management - the Case of Czestochowa City, [in:] Challenges in Contemporary Management (eds.) Lemańska-Majdzik A., Tomski P., Sekcja Wydawnictw Wydziału Zarządzania Politechniki Częstochowskiej, Częstochowa, pp. 59-71.
  19. Accelerating Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises: powering MSEs to catalyse economic growth, (2015) OECD, IEA.
  20. Schnell Ch. (2016), Wykonanie celu OZE 2020. Analiza stanu obecnego i prognoza, Instytut Jagielloński, Warszawa, pp. 4-15.
  21. Sektor energetyczny w Polsce, (2012), Polska Agencja Informacji i Inwestycji Zagranicznych S.A., Warszawa, pp. 2-7.
  22. Pawełoszek I., Jurczyk-Bunkowska M., Wieczorkowski J. (2019), Otwarte dane jako źródło innowacyjnych modeli biznesowych, Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Częstochowskiej. Zarządzanie nr 33/2019, s. 179-191
  23. Pawełoszek I., Tomczyk K.(2019), Zarządzanie relacjami z klientami banków spółdzielczych z wykorzystaniem mediów społecznościowych, Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Częstochowskiej. Zarządzanie nr 33/2019, s. 302-313
  24. Pawełoszek I. (2019), A Framework for Development of Ontology-Based Competency Management System (2019), [in:] Nourani C. (ed.), Computing Predictive Analytics, Business Intelligence, and Economics Modeling Techniques with Start-ups and Incubators, Computer Science & Information Management, Innovation Management and Computing, Apple Academic Press pp.77-96
  25. Spalding-Fecher R. (2003), Indicators of sustainability for the energy sector: a South African case study, Energy for Sustainable Development, vol. 7/1, pp. 35-49.
  26. Sprawozdanie z działalności Prezesa URE, (2015), pp. 3-39.
  27. Starostka-Patyk M., (2016), Logistyka zwrotna produktów niepełnowartościowych w zarządzaniu przedsiębiorstwami produkcyjnymi, Polskie Wydawnictwo Ekonomiczne, Warszawa, pp. 13-18.
  28. The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016, (2016), United Nations,, access date: 20-02-2017.
  29. Towards a New Era of Sustainability In the Energy Industry, (2011), UN Global Compact-Accenture CEO Study, United Nations, pp. 2-9.
  30. Pawełoszek, I., & Wieczorkowski, J. (2023). Trip planning mobile application: a prospective case study of user experience. Engineering Management in Production and Services, 15(2), 55-71. doi: 10.2478/emj-2023-0012
  31. Kumar, N. (2023). Innovative teaching strategies for training of future mathematics in higher education institutions in India . Futurity Education3(1), 14–31.
  32. Pawełoszek, I., Kumar, N., & Solanki, U. (2022). Artificial intelligence, digital technologies and the future of law . Futurity Economics & Law2(2), 24–33.